• Reproduction Trial
    The Nili-Ravi buffalo is one of the most important dairy animals in Pakistan. In rural areas people often prefer its milk due to higher butter fat. In spite of having 30 million heads the average daily production of this animal in very low and the potential of this animal have not yet been fully exploited.
    There are many nutritional and reproductive issues like delayed puberty, silent heat, poor conception rate, longer post partum period to oestrous and seasonal anoestrous associated with this particular specie.
    Body condition scores (BCS) provides an indication of the energy status of the animal. It is critical for producers to identify the animals with poor body condition scores(BCS) early to make important treatment or culling decisions in a timely and responsible manner. This BCS can be set as standard for each productive and reproductive stage of an animal. For buffalo no such scoring system is available.
    Keeping in view this background, the ASLP dairy project designed an experimental trial to establish a scientific link between buffalo nutrition and its fertility through BCS. This trial was conducted both in the field and at LPRI Bahadarnagar, Okara. It is hoped that data generated from this study will be helpful in devising better strategies and guidelines for farmers to use BCS as an indicator for possible reasons of infertility in buffaloes

    Calf Rearing Project
    Calf mortality is one of the major causes of economc losses in dairy industry. It is roughly estimated that a calf mortality of 20% percent can reduce the net profit of an enterprise by 60%. Ideally it should be less than 5%.
    In Pakistan, calves especially males are most ignored animals at dairy farms generally facing very poor growth rates and high mortalities. It has been reported that calf mortalities in buffalo calves is up to 50% Although endemic disease like foot and mouth and hemorrhagic septicaemia contributes to this problem failure to provision of a good quality and quantity of colostrums, naval disinfection, shelter and water also play major role to these high mortalities.
    Colostrum is the primary source of antibodies in calves at an early age and hence calves raised under traditional methods are often immunocompromised. This specific issue needs to be addressed with scientific approaches and professional skills.
    Keeping in view this background the ASLP dairy project designed an experimental study with Australian students from Charles Strut University. The main objective of the study was to compare the colostral antibody concentration and weight gain in Sahiwal calves fed in different colostrums management groups and different feeding regimes.
    This experiment was conducted at LPRI, Bahadarnagar, Okara on 32 Sahiwal calves. Growth rate the of groups were studied up to 12 week of age. It is hoped that the data generated from this experiment will device better strategies for calf raising in Pakistani village condition.

    Calf Diarrhoea
    Calves are the future of livestock industry. Calf mortality is major cause of economic losses in livestock production. More than 90% calf mortalities in early 28 day of age are because of diarrhoea. Diarrhoea in young pre-weaned calves is one of the most important causes of calf morbidity and mortality. Disease incidence in young calves has an adverse effect on their immediate health status, longevity in the herd and productivity performance and thus causes great economic loss.
    Keeping in view this background, ASLP Dairy project conducted a collaborative research trial with students from Charles Sturt University, Australia at LPRI, Bahadarnagar, Okara. The aim of this research was to identify the prevalence, the aetiological agents involved and risk factor that may contribute to the development of diarrhoea.
    For this purpose, faecal samples were taken predominately from experimental group and randomly from field. All the calves were sampled 4 times over the period of the trial as part of surveillance sampling. It is hoped that the data generated from this experiment will devise better strategies to overcome the risk factors associated with calf diarrhoea.


  • Project team attended an international conference at Canberra, Australia (Sep 2014)


  • The project has developed 9th extension module on improved fodder agronomic practices module.


  • 9th extension worker training was conducted for extension workers from Sindh and Punjab provinces on improved agronomic module (21 Nov 2014)


  • Upcoming Event

    Final term forum for ASLP phase II will be organized on 14 October, 2015.


  • Project has organized third training workshop for veterinary officers from Baluchistan & Khyber Paktunkhwa on improved agronomic practices, milk marketing & value addition at UVAS, Lahore (28-29 July 2015)


  • The project has successfully organized a three days training workshop on improved dairy farm practices for veterinary officers from all districts of Khyber Paktunkhwa under Bill & Malinda Gates foundation in Peshawar (9-12 Aug. 2015)


  • Dairy team has translated all the extension material in Sindhi language. The aim if this translation is effective dissemination of key extension messages among farmers and extension workers.


  • In order to address the milk marketing issue, the project has introduced three Ice cream making and one cream extraction entrepreneurship models for women in Sindh and Punjab.


  • Six students (4 UVAS, 2 UAF) have completed their internship with project.


  • Four village based seed enterprise (VBSE) for berseem fodder have been developed in Okara, Pakpattan and Bhakkar.


  • Currently one PhD student Thomas William from Charles Strut University, Australia is conducting his research with project to find out the incidence of parasites in buffaloes in Pakistan.



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